Retrograde Trans-Femoral Approach for Successful Per- cutaneous Angioplasty in a Diabetic Patient with Ischemic Hand Ulcer: A Case Report
Hand ischemia is a rare complication of diabetes and some other chronic vascular diseases. Critical hand ischemia causes painful limbs and disability and requires urgent revascularization.
There have been a few reports of successful trans-brachial percutaneous angioplasty in the upper extremity in the radial or ulnar artery. Herein, we report the results of the endovascular treatment of a 68-year-old diabetic patient with an ischemic hand ulcer due to the severe stenotic lesions of the infra-brachial arteries. The patient underwent successful angioplasty via the retrograde trans-femoral technique to avoid the drawbacks. At the first week of post-procedural follow-up, the patient’s finger was warm with a well–healing wound and reduced pain. In the next two months, he had no complaint of pain or active ulceration; the ulcer was well healed, and the hand was warm.
The present case shows that history taking and physical examination should be followed by upper-extremity arteriography for the evaluation of hand ischemia. The trans-femoral approach enabled us to perform percutaneous catheterization for both diagnostic and interventional purposes. Not only is this strategy useful even for the severe stenotic disease of the distal parts of below-the-elbow arteries but also it avoids the unpleasant complications of antegrade brachial cannulation.