Original Article

Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Cardiomyopathy Patients with Right Bundle Branch Block


Background: The use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients with right bundle branch block (RBBB) is under debate. We present early and late echocardiographic characteristics of a series of heart failure patients with RBBB who underwent CRT. 

Methods: In this retrospective descriptive study, 18 patients with RBBB in the surface electrocardiogram underwent CRT between 2005 and 2015. All the patients had the New York Heart Association functional class III/IV, a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, and a QRS duration ≥120 milliseconds. The median follow-up duration was 19 months. The echocardiographic response was based on a ≥5% increase in LVEF. 

Results: Within 48 hours after CRT implantation, LVEF increased from 24.58%±7.08% before to 28.46±8.91% after CRT (P=0.005) and to 30.00±9.44% at follow-up (P=0.008). Among the 18 patients, 12 (66.7%) were responders within 48 hours after CRT. The following baseline echocardiographic parameters were higher in the responders than in those without an increased LVEF, although the difference did not reach statistical significance: septal-to-lateral wall delay (48.33±33.53 vs 43.33±38.82 ms), anteroseptal-to-posterior wall delay (41.7±1.75 vs 38.33±18.35 ms), and interventricular mechanical delay (48.50±21.13 vs 31.17±19.93 ms). The mean QRS duration was higher in the responders than in the non-responders (183.58±40.69 vs 169.00±27.36 ms). Death was reported in 3 out of the 18 patients (16.7%) at follow-up. The 3 deceased patients had a higher baseline interventricular mechanical delay than those who survived. 

Conclusion: Our results indicated that patients with RBBB might benefit from CRT. Further, patients with higher intra and interventricular dyssynchrony and a wider QRS may show better responses.

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IssueVol 18 No 2 (2023): J Teh Univ Heart Ctr QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jthc.v18i2.13320
Cardiac resynchronization therapy Right bundle branch block Cardiomyopathies

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How to Cite
Zand S, Sadeghian H, Kazemisaid A, Lotfi-Tokaldany M, Jalali A, Sardari A. Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Cardiomyopathy Patients with Right Bundle Branch Block. J Tehran Heart Cent. 2023;18(2):109-114.