2020 CiteScore: 0.8
Abbasali Karimi, MD
Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, MD, PhD
The Journal of Tehran University Heart Center aims to publish the highest quality material, both clinical and scientific, on all aspects of cardiovascular Medicine. It includes articles related to research findings. Technical evaluations, and reviews. In addition, it provides a forum for the exchange of information on all aspects of Cardiovascular Medicine, including educational issues. “ the journal of Tehran University Heart Center” is an International, English language, peer reviewed journal concerned with Cardiovascular Medicine. It is an official Journal of the Cardiovascular Research Center of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (in collaboration with the Iranian Society of Cardiac Surgeons) and is published quarterly.
Background: Several reports have determined that cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are common complications in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and lead them to poor outcomes. CVD biomarkers have, thus, great potential to be used as prognostic biomarkers. We aimed to determine the accuracy of CVD biomarkers for the prognosis of the COVID-19 patient’s outcome via a diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) meta-analysis.
Methods: Until September 30, 2020, we searched Web of Sciences, Scopus, and MEDLINE/PubMed databases to obtain related papers. The summary points and lines were calculated using bivariate/HSROC model. As outcomes, we considered critical conditions and mortality.
Results: A total of 17 659 patients from 33 studies were included. Five biomarkers, namely increased levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase (CK), D-dimer, and thrombocytopenia, met the inclusion criteria. Our results indicated that LDH and cTnI had good accuracy for the prognosis of critical condition (AUCHSROC=0.83 and 0.80, respectively), while LDH, cTnI, and D-dimer had acceptable accuracy (AUCHSROC=0.74, 0.71, and 0.72, respectively) for the prognosis of mortality. LDH and D-dimer had high sensitivity, whereas cTnI had high specificity. The other biomarkers did not have acceptable accuracy. Significant publication bias was found for D-dimer (P=0.053).
Conclusion: Among CVD biomarkers, LDH and cTnI had good accuracy for the prognosis of critical outcomes and acceptable accuracy for the prognosis of mortality, without publication bias. Given their different sensitivities and specificities, we recommend the use of these 2 biomarkers concomitantly.
Background: Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), a member of transforming growth factors, is a stress-responsive marker whose levels may significantly increase in response to pathological stresses associated with inflammatory tissue injuries such as unstable angina pectoris (USAP). This study evaluated the diagnostic value of GDF-15 in patients with USAP.
Methods: The present cross-sectional study recruited 39 patients with USAP criteria and 30 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP), referred to Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran. All the patients with USAP had at least 1 coronary artery stenosis (>50%) in angiography. The control group comprised 42 healthy individuals. The serum levels of GDF-15 were measured in all the participants by ELISA. Also analyzed were the relationship between GDF-15 levels and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk scores in the patients with USAP to determine the severity of the disease.
Result: The study population consisted of 111 subjects, 62 women and 49 men, divided into 3 groups of USAP (n=39, mean age=60.07±14.10 y), SAP (n=30, mean age=67.56±9.88 y), and control (n=42, mean age=61.21±7.76 y). The mean serum level of GDF-15 in the USAP group was significantly different from the other 2 groups (P<0.001), while no significant difference was observed in this regard between the SAP and control groups (P=0.797). No correlation was found between the mean GDF-15 serum level and the GRACE (P=0.816) and TIMI (P=0.359) risk scores in the USAP group.
Conclusion: The mean serum level of GDF-15 exhibited a rise in our patients with USAP. GDF-15 may be a diagnostic biomarker of USAP and its severity.
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity in myocardial infarction (MI), especially thromboembolic risk increases. The PRECISE-DAPT (The PREdicting bleeding Complications In patients undergoing Stent implantation and subsEquent Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy) score was created to predict the bleeding risk of dual antiplatelet therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between new-onset AF and the PRECISE-DAPT score in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Methods: This retrospective study enrolled patients who developed STEMI within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The study population was divided into 2 groups of PRECISE-DAPT scores of 25 or greater and PRECISE-DAPT scores of below 25 and their baseline characteristics, as well as laboratory and echocardiography results, were compared. In-hospital new AF and related events were compared between the 2 PRECISE-DAPT score groups.
Results: From February 2015 to December 2017, this study enrolled 2234 patients with STEMI at a mean age of 54.4 years. The new-onset AF incidence rate was higher in the higher PRECISE-DAPT group than in the lower PRECISE-DAPT group (62 [28.7 %] vs 58 [2.9%]; P<0.001). According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the factors associated with new-onset AF were the left atrial diameter (OR =1.98, 95% confidence interval= 1.34–2.93; P=0.001) and the PRECISE-DAPT score (OR =1.04, 95% confidence interval= 1.10–1.18; P<0.001).
Conclusion: The PRECISE-DAPT score was associated with the development of new-onset AF in our patients with STEMI. Further follow-up of these patients will provide clearer information.
Background: The right heart thrombus (RHT) embolizes from deep venous thrombi and sits in the right atrium or the right ventricle. We aimed to determine the occurrence and prognosis of the RHT in patients with pulmonary embolism.
Methods: We reviewed the cohort data of 622 patients with acute pulmonary embolism obtained from the registry of Tehran Heart Center. Demographic, physiological, clinical, and echocardiographic data, as well as clinical outcomes, were compared between patients with and without the RHT.
Results: The study population comprised 622 patients, including 329 men (52.8%). The mean age of the patients was 60.2±17.0 years. Thirty patients (4.8%) had echocardiographically proven RHT. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were not different between the 2 groups. Right ventricular dysfunction was more prevalent in the RHT (+) group, and more patients in this group were treated with thrombolysis (P=0.013 and P<0.001, respectively). Overall, 3 out of 21 patients (14.2%) in the RHT (+) group vs 29 out of 306 patients (9.4%) in the RHT (−) group died at 1 month (P=0.445) and 5 out of 21 patients (23.8%) in the RHT (+) group vs 56 out of 307 patients (18.2%) in the RHT (−) group died at 1 year (P=0.562).
Conclusion: The RHT is an influential complication in patients with pulmonary emboli, and it seems to increase the mortality rate of patients with acute pulmonary embolism.
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) syndrome is an inherited metabolic disorder. In more than half of the patients with MPS syndrome, heart valve involvement is reported; however, combined aortic and mitral valve stenosis in MPS syndrome type I-S is very rare. We describe a 39-year-old man with severe mitral and aortic valve stenosis due to MPS syndrome type I-S. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed severe thickening and calcification in the aortic and mitral valves with severe left ventricular hypertrophy. The coronary arteries were normal in angiography.
Sharp-object penetration into the chest is rare and may lead to life-threatening complications, hence the significance of early detection and removal. We present an uncommon case of the accidental penetration of a sewing needle into the chest of a 5-year-old girl, with the needle traveling from the entrance site to the right ventricle through the lung tissue. Due to the possibility of cardiovascular accidents, the patient was transferred to a special ward. For positioning and correct actions, TTE and CT scan of the chest with and without contrast were performed and the presence of a tangential needle with the right ventricular wall and inside the pericardium was reported. The patient was taken to the operating room, and after exploring, a 2 cm needle was inserted into the right ventricle and removed. The patient was discharged after 5 days.
Open total arch replacement is allied to high rates of mortality and morbidity; surgeons, therefore, tend to choose hybrid aortic arch repair as a less invasive operative procedure for the treatment of aortic arch aneurysms, especially in high-risk patients. However, studies on the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing hybrid aortic arch repair have revealed high rates of reintervention and reoperation compared with open total arch replacement. Here, we describe a male patient with late retrograde aortic dissection after hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair for aortic arch aneurysms. The patient returned 3 years after the procedure with signs of dyspnea on exertion and chest pain. Transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography showed dissection of the ascending aorta, for which he underwent a redo Bentall procedure. The patient was weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass without any problem and discharged after 7 days.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly treated arrhythmia in clinical practice and is often found in association with an atrial septal defect (ASD). However, ASD closure rarely confers complete arrhythmia control. A 23-year-old man presented to our center with frequent episodes of palpitations. AF was documented in 12-lead electrocardiography, and echocardiography showed a secundum-type ASD, 14 mm in size, with a significant left-to-right shunt. ASD closure was performed successfully with an ASD occluder device with no residual shunting. During follow-up, the patient experienced several episodes of AF. Thirteen months after the ASD closure, cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation was done successfully with no complications. During a 12-month follow-up, he had no symptoms or AF recurrences, and echocardiography showed no residual shunting. This study showed that cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation could be performed successfully without residual shunts in patients with ASD closure devices.