Evaluation of Coronary Arteries in Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathies: A Case Report
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a congenital cardiac disease with myocardial involvement, most probably right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, accounting for 20% of sudden cardiac deaths. Characterized by the fibro-fatty infiltration of the RV free wall, ARVD/C presents in adolescents with ventricular arrhythmias and heart failure symptoms and as biventricular failure in adults. The coronary risk in these patients is not clear.
We present an incidental finding: the left anterior descending artery cut-off in a middle-aged man with ARVD/C. He had been under treatment for heart failure symptoms, which had decompensated frequently commencing 6 months earlier, and therefore he was scheduled for stem cell injection. He had no chest pain or coronary artery disease risk factors. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated RV enlargement with moderate to severe dysfunction and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 35-40%, which was 45-50% two years before. Selective coronary angiography performed 8 years previously was normal but a new one revealed the cut-off of the left anterior descending artery at the proximal portion, for which percutaneous coronary intervention was performed and showed no significant lesion in the other vessels.
One should consider coronary artery disease in uncontrolled heart failure with LVEF reduction, even in the absence of typical chest pain. It may not be the natural course of the underlying disease.
|Issue||Vol 11 No 4 (2016): J Teh Univ Heart Ctr|
|Coronary vessels • Cardiomyopathies • Heart ventricles • Diagnosis|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|