Original Article

Effects of Weight Loss on Echocardiographic Parameters 1 Year after Sleeve Gastrectomy


Background: Bariatric surgery is efficiently associated with the long-term resolution of obesity and its related morbidities. Not only can this surgical modality improve the metabolic profile, diastolic and systolic cardiac functions, and the clinical symptoms of heart failure or cardiomyopathy, but it can also reduce the atherosclerosis risk, ventricular mass, and pericardial fat thickness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of weight loss on echocardiographic parameters 1 year after sleeve gastrectomy.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study, conducted in Modarres Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from September 2016 to September 2017, recruited 101 patients. Those with morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m2) had undergone surgery 1 year before the study commencement. All the patients underwent sleeve gastrectomy. The data of echocardiographic indices before and 1 year after surgery were recorded and analyzed.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 37.11±9.81 years. The majority of the study participants were female (n=77, 76.2%). During the first postoperative year, the mean weight loss was 43.82±14.53 kg. The mean systolic blood pressure was 137.96±19.60 mmHg and 123.37±9.60 mmHg before sleeve gastrectomy and 1 year afterward, respectively (P<0.001). The mean left ventricular size was 48.22±4.04 mm and 44.97±5.70 mm before sleeve gastrectomy and 1 year postoperatively, correspondingly (P<0.001). The mean pulmonary artery pressure was 28.88±5.25 mmHg and 24.10±4.78 mmHg before sleeve gastrectomy and 1 year after surgery, respectively (P<0.001). The mean left atrial size was 35.72±3.32 mm and 33.12±3.52 mm before sleeve gastrectomy and 1 year thereafter, correspondingly (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Weight loss resulting from sleeve gastrectomy may improve systolic blood pressure, left atrial and left ventricular size, and pulmonary artery pressure.

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IssueVol 14 No 3 (2019): J Teh Univ Heart Ctr QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jthc.v14i3.1431
Bariatric surgery Echocardiography Gastrectomy

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How to Cite
Malekpour Alamdari N, Bayat F, Bakhtiyari M, Noori M. Effects of Weight Loss on Echocardiographic Parameters 1 Year after Sleeve Gastrectomy. J Tehran Heart Cent. 2019;14(3):128-133.